Which European monarch used the lateen sail?
Portugal and Spain were first, sailing lateen-rigged ships on voyages of exploration and later of conquest.
How did the lateen sails help the Europeans?
The lateen sail provided many benefits over earlier sail designs, but most notably, it allowed ships to sail closer to the wind, which enabled Mediterranean civilizations to begin exploring and traveling longer distances (Campbell).
Why are triangular sails better?
It was observed that these triangular sails allowed for navigation using a half wind (wind at 90 degrees to the boat), which further increased the ship’s maneuvering ability ‘ particularly in port, where ships previously were ‘dead in the water’ without a favorable wind.
Can you reef a lateen sail?
When you say ‘lateen’ , I assume you mean a boomed lateen, which has a boom at the foot of the sail which is the same length as the yard. When reefing such a sail, the thing to watch out for is a changing Center of Area (CA). As the sail is reefed, the CA will move aft.
Why did sails shaped like triangles help European sailors?
The triangle-shaped sail allowed ships to harness the power of the wind to travel in any direction, and not just in the direction that the wind was blowing.
What is a ship with three masts called?
Barque. A vessel of three or more masts, fore and aft rigged on the aftermost mast and square-rigged on all others. Sometimes spelled ‘bark’.
What does the word lateen mean?
: being or relating to a rig used especially on the north coast of Africa and characterized by a triangular sail extended by a long spar slung to a low mast. lateen. noun. Definition of lateen (Entry 2 of 2) 1 or less commonly lateener lə-ˈtē-nər : a lateen-rigged ship.
What were square sails used for?
The square sail was the only rigging used in northern European waters until late in the Middle Ages, but by the 11th century it could be turned to catch the wind on the beam.