What is another name for the rows of the periodic table?
The rows of the table are called periods, and the columns are called groups.
What are the rows on the periodic table of elements known as?
The periodic table of elements arranges all of the known chemical elements in an informative array. Elements are arranged from left to right and top to bottom in order of increasing atomic number. Order generally coincides with increasing atomic mass. The rows are called periods.
Which best describes how the current periodic table is arranged?
In the modern periodic table, the elements are arranged according to their atomic number – not their relative atomic mass . In the periodic table the elements are arranged into: rows, called periods , in order of increasing atomic number. vertical columns, called groups , where the elements have similar properties.
What element is soft and shiny?
Group 1A (or IA) of the periodic table are the alkali metals: hydrogen (H), lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), cesium (Cs), and francium (Fr). These are (except for hydrogen) soft, shiny, low-melting, highly reactive metals, which tarnish when exposed to air.
Are columns periods?
Groups and periods are two ways of categorizing elements in the periodic table. Periods are horizontal rows (across) the periodic table, while groups are vertical columns (down) the table. Atomic number increases as you move down a group or across a period.
What elements are in the same period?
Elements in the same period have the same number of electron shells; moving across a period (so progressing from group to group), elements gain electrons and protons and become less metallic. This arrangement reflects the periodic recurrence of similar properties as the atomic number increases.