What was the name of the improved ships the Portuguese used?
The Portuguese also made advances in shipbuilding. They began designing ships that were smaller, lighter, and easier to steer than the heavy galleons they had used before. These new ships, called caravels, used triangular sails that, unlike square sails, allowed ships to sail against the wind.
How did the invention of the Caravela change European exploration?
Clearly, the Caravel revolutionized European transportation. This technology made it possible for European explorers, fishermen, and merchants to “expand their horizons,” by providing the ability to travel further, faster. One could argue that it played a major role in the rapid colonization of the New World.
Who invented the sails?
The exact timing is unknown, but archaeologists do know that at some point in the 1st century CE, the Greeks began using sails that allowed for tacking and jibing—technological advancements that are believed to have been introduced to them by Persian or Arabic sailors.
What technology did the Portuguese utilize for exploration?
Over 500 years ago, the Portuguese consolidated and perfected technology tools such as charts, travel itineraries, needle compasses, ships and caravels. The caravel, a bigger ship with with deeper shallow keel. Had two masts and triangular sails. Was swift and, and most importantly, allowing beating.
How did European exploration change the world?
European explorations led to the Columbian Exchange and an increase in international trade. European nations competed for colonies. The European economy underwent major changes. Today, as in the days of mercantilism, some groups want to restrict global trade to protect certain jobs and industries from competition.
What factor helped Spain and Portugal defeat native populations?
Several factors helped the Spanish conquer the native populations. One factor that aided the Spanish was their weapons. Using sophisticated, strong weapons such as steel swords, crossbows, and guns helped the Spanish against local people, who had less powerful weaponry.