What is a raft foundation?

When would you use a raft foundation?

They spread the load imposed by a number of columns or walls over the area of foundation, and can be considered to ‘float’ on the ground as a raft floats on water. They are suitable where: Floor areas are small and structural loadings are low, such as in one or two-storey domestic construction. A basement is required.

What is meant by raft foundation?

Raft foundations are a type of foundation with high integrity in which four foundation piers are connected together using a large foundation slab to form a massive structure and the foundation piers are connected through beams.

How do raft foundations work?

A raft foundation is a reinforced concrete slab under the whole of a building or extension, ‘floating’ on the ground as a raft floats on water. This type of foundation spreads the load of the building over a larger area than other foundations, lowering the pressure on the ground.

What is the difference between strip and raft foundations?

Strip foundation is used to support a line of loads such as load-bearing walls. … Raft foundation consists of a concrete slab which extends over the entire loaded area so that loads from entire structure are spread over a large area leading to a reduction of the stress of foundation soils is reduced.

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